1) Warning against not taking advantage of seasons of blessings, like Ramadhaan
2) The necessity of making up for the shortcomings of the past by repentance, regret, and performance of good deeds, especially in the last ten days of Ramadhaan
3) The great bounty and favor from Allaah upon His servants by responding to their supplications, and the Nuzool Al-Ilaahi (the descending of Allaah to the heaven of the earth, in a way most fitting to His Majesty).
4) The virtues of Laylat Al-Qadr (Night of Revelation), its time, and the wisdom behind concealing its precise time.
5) Acts of worship during these nights, and the etiquettes of Qiyaam (night prayer).
All praise is due to Allaah, Who has endowed His servants with blessed times, and guided whomever He wills to make use of them, and diverted from them whomever He wills, of those who were given to loss and regret. I testify that there is no god but Allaah, Who has no partners. He is the Lord of the heavens and the earth, the Bountiful, the Generous, and the Openhanded. I testify that Muhammad is Allaah’s servant and Messenger, the best of all mankind. May Allaah bless him, his family, Companions and those who follow them on the right path, until the Day of Resurrection.
O people! Fear Allaah and make use of the times of blessings by doing righteous deeds, and be careful not to miss the chance of doing them, lest you should regret it.
Brothers! If one cannot draw spiritual benefit during this month (Ramadhaan), then in what other month can he find benefit? If one does not turn in repentance to his Lord during this month, then at what other time will he do so? If one slackens from doing good deeds now, then when will he do them? You should hasten to seize the opportunity in this month, before it is too late! You should preserve your souls from the ways of misery and destruction.
The blessed month is waning; its precious days and nights are approaching their end. So try to utilize the remaining period by doing good deeds and repenting to Allaah. All is well that ends well. So, you have to make your deeds at the end of this month as good as you can. Two-thirds of the month of Ramadhaan is over and one-third, which is the best of all the three parts, still remains. Exert your efforts during these ten days by spending in charity, doing righteous deeds and offering optional night prayer, submitting yourselves to Allaah, hoping for His good reward and seeking protection from His punishment. Allaah said which means, “And when My slaves ask you (O Muhammad) concerning Me - indeed I am near. I respond to the invocation of the supplicant when he calls upon Me. So let them respond to Me (by obedience) and believe in Me that they may be rightly guided.” (Al-Baqarah: 186).
Our Lord descends each night to the sky of the earth when the final third of the night remains. He offers His slaves out of His generosity, saying, “Who is saying a prayer to Me, that I may answer it? Who is asking something of Me, that I may give it to him? Who is asking forgiveness of Me, that I may forgive him?” (Bukhaari & Muslim)
In the last ten days of Ramadhaan, there is Laylat Al-Qadr (the Night of Revelation) in which every precise matter of wisdom is made distinct and all events of the coming year are decreed. It is on this night that angels descend from the heavens and blessings become abundant. Whoever prays its nights, believing in it, and hoping for its reward from Allaah, Allaah will forgive all his previous sins. Whoever misses this night and deprives himself of its good; he is to blame. Allaah did not specify its order among the ten nights so that people may exert their utmost efforts during all ten days in worship, performing optional night prayer, reciting the Holy Qur’aan and doing righteous deeds. This is also a means of distinction between those who are active in devotion and those who are not. If Laylat Al-Qadr were identified, many people would have limited themselves to devotion on that night only, neglecting other nights. There would also be no criteria for evaluation between the hardworking people and the lazy ones.
So, seek the reward of Laylat Al-Qadr by doing good deeds consistently and sincerely. Ask Allaah for a share of His reward and to protect you from coming out of Ramadhaan empty-handed.
If you hear or recite a Qur’aanic verse that mentions His mercy, ask Allaah to provide you from His bounties. When you hear or recite a Qur’aanic verse that contains a warning, ask Allaah’s protection from His punishment. Utter glorifications of Allaah many times in your Rukoo’ (bowing) and make many supplications in your Sajdah (prostration), as a Muslim is nearest to Allaah when he is in prostration. A person may supplicate Allaah for himself, his parents, children, relatives and all those who are dear to him from among the Muslims. Prolong the Qiyaam (standing) after rising from Rukoo’ (bowing) and the Jalsah (sitting) after rising from Sajdah (prostration), so that you may maintain an equilibrium among all the positions of Salaah. The standing after the rising from Rukoo’ (bowing) is a stance of praising Allaah, so utter many greetings, praises and extolments of Allaah in it. The sitting position that is between the two Sajdah (prostrations) is a stance of supplicating Allaah for forgiveness, so ask Allaah’s forgiveness therein.
You may start your Qiyaam (the optional night Prayers) with two short Rak’ahs, because Shaytaan (Satan) ties three knots at the back of your head when you sleep, and he seals each of them saying, 'You have a long night ahead, so sleep.' If you wake up and remember Allaah, a knot is untied. If you purify yourself then another knot is undone and if you pray, the third one also gets unknotted.
If any one of you goes to the mosque and the prayer has commenced, he should join the congregation with the Imaam rather than praying two Rak’ahs ahead of the congregation, as joining the congregation takes priority in this case.
Some people leave a gap in the first line, so that the Mu’athin (person calling for prayer), or one who recites Qur’aan, may fill it after the commencement of prayer. This is not in line with the Prophet’s (sallallaahu 'alaihi wa sallam) Sunnah, since filling the gaps in the ranks of worshippers and settling the rows is an obligation. After the establishment of prayer, the Mu’athin or the reciter may stand at the place where the row of the worshippers ends.
Allaah said which means, “Indeed, We sent it (i.e. the Qur'aan) down in the Night of Decree. And what can make you know what is the Night of Decree? The Night of Decree is better than a thousand months. The angels and the Spirit (i.e. Gabriel) descend therein by permission of their Lord for every matter. Peace it is until the emergence of dawn.” (Al-Qadr: 1-5).