Actions that nullify Ihraam
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merit of fearing Allaah and glorifying His rituals.
- Hajj and ‘Umrah are of the
rites of Allaah and must be glorified.
of Ihraam (state of pilgrim while performing Hajj or ‘Umrah):
Shaving or cutting hair (and its rulings).
Trimming the nails.
Sexual intercourse (and related issues).
Wearing trousers or other tailored clothes for
Covering the head for men.
must cover their faces in front of strange, non-related men.
related to Ihraam.
people! Fear Allaah and honor His symbols as this is an indication of the
amount of piety in your hearts. Whoever honors the sacred ordinances of his
Lord, then that is better for him in the sight of his Lord – He will expiate
from him his sins, raise his rank and save him from all kinds of sufferings.
Indeed, from Allaah’s rites are the rituals of Hajj and ‘Umrah;
you should therefore honor and respect them, and strive to avoid the acts that nullify these rituals so that you
people! You should know that the deeds which nullify the Ihraam (the state of a pilgrim in which he performs Hajj and
‘Umrah, and during which he is prohibited from certain acts that are
lawful otherwise) include:
- Shaving or cutting the hair of the head, or removing
it by any other method: A person in the state of Ihraam, man or
woman, is not permitted to remove any amount of the hair from his/her
head. He/she may scratch his/her head lightly and if some hair falls out
unintentionally, he/she will not be held accountable for that. However, if
a Muhrim (a person in the state of Ihraam) has some hairs
that are irritating his eyes, he/she may take them out with tweezers.
- Cutting or trimming fingernails: It is permitted,
however, to cut a part of the fingernail that is already broken and is
- Applying perfume: A Muhrim should not apply
perfume to his garments or body,
nor should he eat or drink aromatic foods (i.e., that which contain strong
herbs) and drinks. Yet, applying perfume before entering into the state of
Ihraam is a Prophetic tradition to be followed by men and women
alike; there is no harm if its smell remains even after donning the Ihraam.
- Sexual intercourse and whatever leads to it: This
includes lustful touching or eye contact, passionate kissing, etc. – a Muhrim
is not permitted to do any of these things.
- Conducting a contract of marriage for one’s self or
on behalf of others.
- The kinds of dresses forbidden for men during Ihraam
are sewn clothing, cloaks, flannels, vests, socks, Kanaadir
(Western-style shoes), Ghutrahs (kinds of head coverings) or caps.
- Covering the head for men with something that fits on
it, such as Ghutrahs and caps, etc. As for umbrellas, tents, roofs
of cars, as well as all other things that hang over the head without
touching it, there is nothing wrong with them. A man may also wrap his
head if it is likely that he may catch a cold were he to leave it
uncovered. In this case, however, he would be required to offer an
expiation for it in either of the three forms: slaughtering a sheep and
distributing the meat among the needy (in Makkah), fasting for
three days or feeding six poor persons, each with a quarter of a Saa’
(one Saa’ is approximately three kilograms) of wheat or half a Saa’
of any other kind of grain.
- It is permissible for a Muhrim to wear a watch
and glasses and to fix his garments with pins and he is not required to
offer expiation for that, especially when there is a need to do so.
- Covering the face for women: Muhrim women are
not permitted to cover their faces except when non-Mahram men
(those who are not related to them and whom they can get married to) pass
near them. In this case, a
woman may cover her face even if the covering touches her skin. A Muhrim
woman may wear whatever kind of garment she wishes (that meets Islaamic
criterion), without exposing parts of her body if she is in the presence
of men who are not allowed to look at her uncovered.
are a few issues that I would like to shed some light on:
is permissible for men or women to replace the garments of Ihraam with
other garments of a similar nature. For instance, a man may take off his upper
or lower garment and replace it with a new one; and the same applies to women.
pilgrim may uproot green and non-green trees or plants, except when he is
within the boundaries of the Sacred House, where he is not permitted to dig up
trees, grass or any other types
of plants. Thus, it is permissible to uproot trees in ‘Arafah, but not in Mina
or Muzdalifah, since the former lies outside the boundaries of the
Sacred House, while the latter two lie within them.
woman is permitted to wear socks and Kanaadir (Western-style shoes) even
if she was barefoot when intending to enter into the state of Ihraam. Muhrim
men are not permitted to wear Kanaadir or socks but they may wear
ordinary shoes, although they may have been barefooted when they intended to
woman may make the intention to enter Ihraam during her menstrual
period, then bathe herself and apply perfume before actually assuming Ihraam,
as is customarily done by people intending Ihraam
for ‘Umrah. In the case of Hajj, if she reaches Makkah before sunrise, while being free
from the impurity of menstruation, she may do the ‘Umrah then come out
of Ihraam and then enter into the
state of Ihraam once more for Hajj with everyone else.
Conversely, if she becomes pure from menstruation only after sunrise, she
should make intention for Hajj and in this case she will perform Hajj
both Hajj and ‘Umrah). A Hajj and ‘Umrah will be
counted for her, for when she does Tawaaf and Sa’i, she should
intend them for both Hajj and ‘Umrah.
says that which means: “Hajj is (during)
well-known months, so whoever has made Hajj obligatory upon himself therein (by
entering the state of Ihraam), there is (to be for him) no sexual relations and
no disobedience and no disputing during Hajj. And whatever good you do – Allaah
knows it. And take provisions, but indeed, the best provision is fear of Allaah.
And fear Me, O you of understanding.” (Al Baqarah: 197)