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1) The true meaning of patience.
2) The different types of patience.
3) The great rewards for patience.
All praise is due to Allaah Who has promised those with patience a reward without measure. He has rewarded those who are thankful for His bounties with preservation and protection as well as with a generous increase with regard to these bounties. I testify that there is nothing worthy of worship except Allaah, with Whom there is no associate, beyond any shadow of doubt. I testify that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger; the leader of all Messengers and the chosen one from among all mankind. May the blessings of Allaah be upon him, his family, his companions and all those who will follow them sincerely until the Day of Judgement.
O people! Fear Allaah and be among those who are patient; for these are the people who will receive a reward without measure. The true meaning of patience is to observe obedience to Allaah and to refrain from all those things which displease Him as well as refraining from feeling desperation or dissatisfaction with His decree.
There is no bounty that can compare to that of patience. If one persists in patience with regard to the obligations of Allaah, it will eventually become part of their instinct and nature. Through this patience, a person will always feel deep satisfaction and contentment with life, and in its absence; they will always feel dissatisfaction and discontentment. Also, those who can accustom themselves to beware of and stay far from evil will find that this will become inculcated into their character and form part of their natural instinct. Such people will feel immense happiness when avoiding that which Allaah dislikes and deep sorrow when they commit sins until they are guided by Allaah to sincerely repent from them.
When a person avoids discontentment with the destiny of Allaah, he becomes satisfied with everything that Allaah has destined for him; when evil afflicts him, he observes patience which is good for him; and when he is granted goodness, he offers praise to Allaah which is also good for him.
Man is susceptible to afflictions which may affect himself, his family, his wealth, his friends and others around him. Therefore, if he can remain patient through these, awaiting a release from Allaah, then all of these afflictions will be reasons for the forgiveness of his sins and the elevation of his rank in the sight of Allaah. There are numerous verses in the Qur’aan and Ahadeeth regarding this. Almighty Allaah says that which translates as: “And we will surely test you with something of fear and hunger and a loss of wealth and lives and fruits, but give glad tidings to the patient. Who, when disaster strikes them, say, ‘Indeed we belong to Allaah and indeed to Him we will return.’” (Al-Baqarah: 155-156).
The Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said: “No Muslim is afflicted with harm such as disease or anything else except that Allaah will cause his sins to be removed, as a tree sheds its leaves, as a consequence.” In another incident, he sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam addressed a female companion saying: “Have glad tidings, for Allaah will cause the sins of a Muslim to be wiped out due to sickness just as fire removes the impurities from iron and silver.” He sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam also said: “The believing man or woman will continue to be afflicted by hardships in themselves and their families until they meet Allaah with absolutely no sins.” On another occasion, he sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said: “No Muslim is afflicted with any harm, even if it was (as minor as) the prick of a thorn, except that Allaah will grant him (a higher) rank and wipe out a sin due to this.” He sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam also said: “If a Muslim is afflicted by a headache or a prick of a thorn or any other harm, Allaah will elevate him on the Day of Judgement one rank and expiate his sins due to this.”
The Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said in a Hadeeth Qudsi: “Almighty Allaah says ‘If I afflict my servant in his two dearest bounties (i.e., if his eyes go blind) and he is patient with this, then I shall reward him with paradise in return (for his loss).’” He sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam also said: “A Muslim who loses three children before the age of puberty will be granted Paradise by Allaah due to His mercy upon the children.” On another occasion, he sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam addressed a group of women saying: þ“There is no woman among you who has lost three children (i.e., that they died) except that they will screen her from the Hellfire.” A woman among the group asked: “O Allaah's Apostle! What if she (only) lost two children?” Thereupon, the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam replied: “Even (if it was only) two.”
These sayings of the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam and many others bear glad tidings for any Muslim and helps him to observe patience when he is afflicted by calamities seeking the reward from Allaah. Such a person is firm in his belief that all hardships are decreed by Allaah and were a result of what his own hands earned. In this regard Almighty Allaah says that which translates as: “And whatever strikes you of disaster – it is for what your hands have earned; but He pardons much.” (Ash-Shuraa: 30).
O Allaah! We beg You to make us among those who observe patience when afflicted and tried; and among those who offer praise when granted good; and among those who seek forgiveness after committing sin. We seek Your forgiveness and mercy for You are All-Forgiving and Merciful.