Al-Mawlid and whether the Prophet was created from light

 

All praise is due to Allaah. May He send salutations upon His Messenger Muhammad and exalt his mention.

 

1.      Celebrating the birthday of the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam is an innovation (Bid’ah) which goes against the guidance of the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam and that of the Rightly Guided Khaleefahs (Al-Khulafaa’ Al-Raashidoon) and the Sahaabah, may Allaah be pleased with them. It is proven that the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said: “Whoever does anything that is not part of this matter of ours (i.e., Islam), will have it rejected”.

 

  1. Believing that the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam is not like the rest of humanity, and that he is light from the Light of Allaah Himself is an incorrect belief, because it contradicts the Qur’aan. Allaah has stated that the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam is human, and has explained what makes the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam different from the rest of mankind. He said that which translates as: “Say [O Muhammad]: ‘I am only a man like you, to whom it has been revealed that your god is one God. So whoever would hope for the meeting with his Lord – let him do righteous work and not associate in the worship of his Lord anyone.” (Al-Kahf: 110).

 

Human beings are created, as Allaah says that which translates as: “O mankind! Fear your Lord, who created you from one soul and created from it its mate and dispersed from both of them many men and women…” (An-Nisaa’: 1).

 

“O people! If you should be in doubt about the Resurrection, then [consider that] indeed, We created you from dust, then from a sperm-drop, then from a clinging clot, and then from a lump of flesh…" (Al-Hajj: 5).

 

“O Prophet! Indeed We have sent you as a witness and a bringer of good tidings and a warner. And one who invites to Allaah, by His permission, and an illuminating lamp.” (Al-Ahzaab: 45-46).

 

In contrast, Allaah is the First, and He has no beginning, as He says that which translates as: “He is the First (nothing is before Him) and the Last (nothing is after Him), the Ascendant (nothing is above Him), and the Intimate (nothing is nearer than Him). And He is, of all things, Knowing.” (Al-Hadeed: 3).

 

Allaah called His Prophet 'light' and a 'lamp spreading light' because of the guidance and light with which Allaah sent him, with which Allaah guides all those who answer his call sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, as He says that which translates as: “… There has come to you from Allaah a light [i.e., the Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam] and a clear Book [i.e., the Qur'aan].” (Al-Maa’idah: 15).

 

  1. Believing that the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam is omnipresent and watching everything, that he himself is present at every gathering that celebrates his birthday, and that he hears what the people present are saying, is all false. There is no basis for this in either the Qur’aan or the Sunnah.

 

  1. Calling on the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam and seeking his help and support is a form of major shirk which is prohibited, regardless of whether one is calling on the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam or on any other created being, because Allaah says that which translates as: “… So do not invoke with Allaah anyone.” (Al-Jinn: 18). And also, “And whoever invokes besides Allaah another deity for which he has no proof - then his account is only with his Lord. Indeed, the disbelievers will not succeed.” (Al-Mu’minoon: 117).

 

The Muslim should simply follow the requirements of his religion and not innovate. He must believe in Allaah alone, call on Him alone and seek His help alone. He should not call on or seek the help of anything or anyone else.

 

The consequences of shirk are devastating, as it will wipe out all a person’s good deeds and lead to his doom in Hell. Bid’ah is a serious matter, which will cause a person’s deeds to be thrown back at him, rejected. The Muslim should love, respect, honour and obey the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, and give his words precedence over the words of any other human being. However, it is not permitted to exaggerate about him, or to raise his status above that which has been bestowed upon him by Allaah, or to call on him instead of Allaah, because this is a violation of the rights of Allaah, and involves directing acts of worship to someone other than Allaah, when they should only be directed towards Allaah, may He be glorified and exalted.